Republic of Congo’pathway to Peace and Democraty “Our political proposals “

Why has a polical proposals ?

The aim of our policy is make propositions for the restoration of democracy and to restore the constitutional order established by the Sovereign National Conference « CNS » of 1991 and governed by the 1992 constitution, voted by the Congolese people.

This process of transferring power to a dictatorial democratic institutional order that we call democratic transition will last 24 months or 2 years

A working group to develop a plan to end the political crisis

We do not see the utility of a conference as what some call the inclusive dialogue or a conclave like the National Conference of 1991 which had the goal not only to throw the foundations of political democracy in our country, but also making an autopsy of all sectors as education, culture, health care, justice … because, political parties that win the elections implement their social projects in compliance with laws and regulations of the republic.

The working group composed of representatives of, trade unions, civil society, the Congolese army, the ruling political parties and political opponents, in exile and inside the country, will aim to restore democracy by finding an agreement to end the crisis that will normalize the political situation of our country and establish the conditions of a transitional parliament whose powers and objectives are defined in section below entitled: « The transitional parliament »

The consequence of this plan to end the crisis, as you can imagine, this is the dissolution of all existing political institutions: Presidency of the Republic, both chambers of parliament and county councils…

This working group will agree on the choice of interim president whose powers are defined in the chapter entitled « Interim President »

These negotiations must be held under the auspices of the UN to be the guarantor of this process and the applicability of snuff resolutions by the contact group.

On what fundamental will be the restoration of democracy ?

The 1992 constitution is an unique and legitimate one for the Congolese people voted over 90% and will save us a constituent assembly.

Like the current flag and national anthem that were rehabilitated during the National Sovereign Conference of 1991, the 1992 constitution, is the only reference on which we should build and it will supplant the current constitution of Sassou Nguesso.

Institutionally the Congo will live unfortunately once again an exceptional situation.

But our common future through this path and the political class to be responsible for this transition is as consensual as possible, not to be chaotic because the forces hostile to this process will not fail.

1 – The start of Sassou Nguesso as a guarantee of the restoration of democracy

For our part, there is no ambiguity, the future of our country with Sassou Nguesso in power and all the predators’ nationals of northern and southern  « that surround and participate in the perpetuation of its system cynical, it’s unthinkable.

Of the last 32 years Sassou Nguesso has been business for 25 years and its governance, not only condemned the Congo – Brazzaville in failed state, but above all he is the instigator and main actor of civil wars, assassinations policies of the past two decades with its attendant misery and plunged the country into a socio-economic misery unprecedented.

Sassou Nguesso too accountable to the Congolese people and will undoubtedly be an obstacle to peace and national reconciliation whose purpose is to build a nation state that we will overcome the daunting task of rebuilding the country.

Any compromise that will leave again, Sassou Nguesso to power as during CNS 1991 will result in more chaos and anarchy.

It would be an unimaginable betrayal of our people.

With the departure of Sassou Nguesso and his allies, will begin a genuine transition from a dictatorship to a constitutional  process open to all with a new generation of leaders.

For this transition to succeed, Sassou Nguesso must go, definitely

2 – Who will ensure the continuity of the state and with what legitimacy during the transition?

A state cannot function without institutions and the contact group’s task is to think about and define the scope and constitution.

The transitional parliament:

A meeting not bloated composed of 50 members who will be responsible for setting priorities for the state during the transitional period, but also to give directions for the restoration of democracy and monitor its implementation by the interim government.

This meeting shall be composed of personalities from the forces of the nation « the different political forces, trade unionists, military, professional and civil society » have been defined by the contact group.

The main objective of the government will manage the transition from the current dictatorial power in a democracy and for our part will consider the following focus

The restoration of democracy in Congo:

– Organization of multi-party elections with « independent electoral commission »

– The electoral law will be that of 1992 as consensual and that allowed the free and transparent elections.

– No new electoral division as arouse the suspicion of each other, we will keep the 1992

– Any revision of the constitution nor the Electoral Act 1992 will be made during the transition

– Identification of populations with « the help of the international community »

– Negotiate a social peace with state officials to prevent severe social peace that will cripple this sensitive period.

The parliament will aim to audit public finances and not the government.

A president acting:

The contact group will have the greatest responsibility in finding a personality « consensual » to occupy the highest office of the State, the interim president whose function will be honorary and promulgate the decrees and laws.

The transition to democracy will win and will be running on.

For our part, we think of the think tank for new ideas that the interim president will be between 65 and 70, having never held a ministry position, but  having professional experience in his field. It should not appear at all future elections. Special status will be reserved after his tenure.

A national unity government and transition:

12 members, it will roadmap, one that will assign the transitional parliament.

These members may not run in the first electoral ballots that the executive will hold.

The government  will main goal, the establishment of the transitional parliament resolutions.

About the Congolese army  in the democratic process:

Congolese armed forces “FAC” will be part of the process leading to the restoration of democracy.

They must, above all, to purge itself of its most unscrupulous officers who participated in the massacre of people in all directions.

They will in fact guarantee the security institutions and the democratic process because the forces hostile to this transition will not fail.

The Cercle de réflexion pour des idées nouvelles , we believe that a responsible opposition and citizens should not be content merely to shout from the rooftops that the country is going wrong as this is undeniable evidence for the DRC and Congolese who live daily and know who is responsible. The time is out of awareness of the people, but its mobilization to give a blow to our executioner.

Opposition to the regime in Brazzaville has to make proposals to end the political crisis and have strategies to achieve defined objectives.

The Democrats who want to remove the authoritarian power of Sassou Nguesso , should create synergies and unify their efforts to mobilize the people for a popular and pacific uprising against the dictatorial power.

Everything else is just intellectual posturing.

For our part, we summarize in this document our policies and make known to the Congolese and the international community.

The Congolese people must know that this document is not exhaustive and a working basis that is open to all.

We are not utopians and know that the regime of Sassou Nguesso is irrevocable because it will cause his downfall.

We can impose Sassou Nguesso this plan to end the crisis only if the balance of power is reversed in favor of the Democrats which is not the case when we publish this document.

In this fight for the restoration of democracy, we must not rely on traditional political parties who Sassou Nguesso gives considerable privileges by corruption, which their lives depend.

Create together a dynamic policy, a FORCE CITIZEN who will win on the dictatorship of Brazzaville and each of us to fight for freedom because no one will do it for us so that we build together a new Congo where everyone has a stake and dignity.

We are a great people and great peoples still recovering.


Mingwa Mia Biango

President of The Cercle de reflexion pour des idées nouvelles “ think tank for new ideas


Paris June 4, 2011

Ce contenu a été publié dans Les articles. Vous pouvez le mettre en favoris avec ce permalien.

Laisser un commentaire